1 : a period of time; also : its duration
2 a : a limited extent in one, two, or three dimensions : distance, area, volume b : an extent set apart or available <parking space> <floor space> c : the distance from other people or things that a person needs in order to remain comfortable <invading my personal space>
3 : one of the degrees between or above or below the lines of a musical staff — compare line
4 a : a boundless three-dimensional extent in which objects and events occur and have relative position and direction <infinite space and time> b : physical space independent of what occupies it —called also absolute space
5 : the region beyond the earth's atmosphere or beyond the solar system
6 a : a blank area separating words or lines b : material used to produce such blank area; especially : a piece of type less than one en in width
7 : a set of mathematical elements and especially of abstractions of all the points on a line, in a plane, or in physical space; especially : a set of mathematical entities with a set of axioms of geometric character — compare metric space, topological space, vector space
8 a : linage b : broadcast time available especially to advertisers
9 : accommodations on a public vehicle 10 a : the opportunity to assert or experience one's identity or needs freely b : an opportunity for privacy or time to oneself


PUBLIC SPACE (function + physical form + organization)


within urban design discipline: urban space, open space. any kinds of open space we as urban designers design, it doesn't mean it is accessible to everyone or not. it's simply the space enclosed in some kinda boundary on the map, it should be Cartision in a way

function / program

physical form

(plaza, greenery, pedestrian routes, district, landmark buildings, its facades…)


circulaiton (how those places r connected together as an operating whole)
the underlying structure / infrastructure is: 1 type of place only has 1 dominating function; they are spatially seperated; they are connected together by a circulation system (movement of human, e.g. walking path)

  • it's like language, u have words, sentences, they have meanings and forms, but to make sense, u need to put them in a proper relationship with each other, hence give them meaning
  • analogy to open source software, Nasper maybe?

DIGITAL SPACE (function + physical form + organization)

function / program

new programs given rise by urban sensing: such as on-site photo-taking, video-recording, geo-tagging

physical form

where those digital activities happen


how different physical spaces linked / organized together (how ppl move, simply wat's the pedestrian routes)
organization: how single-purposed open spaces are knitted together by mix-used programs


  • bellisimo: cromotime - an experience in harmonious time
    • technology=sensing
    • activities: automated translate user's activities into image and videos (real-time and interactive)
    • physical form: screens for video, images to happen
    • organizations: this thing happen in a specific enclosed space where ppl could see all the images, it doesn't have a pedestrian routes or sth like that


  1. time*space define the hierarchy of power of the different users)
  2. how does it apply to analyze the digital / cyber space??? generated by urban sensing (such as the augumented reality thing?)
Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License